Documentation forAppOptics

Trace Context in Logs

Overview

Adding trace context to application logs provides the ability to correlate the log messages from a traced transaction, and if sampled, the log messages to the transaction trace detail.

The Python agent can automatically add the trace context to logs generated by the Python logging module and other logging modules based on this standard module. In particular, it will add a

  • string of the form ao.traceId=7435A9FE510AE4533414D425DADF4E180D2B4E36-0 to the beginning of each logged message
  • custom entry in the LogRecord dictionary of the form 'ao': {'traceId': '7435A9FE510AE4533414D425DADF4E180D2B4E36-0'}.

Configuration

This feature is disabled by default. Please refer to Trace Context in Logs for information on how to enable it and the provided configuration options.

Automatic Insertion

Automatic insertion works for any logger that uses the Python logging module. When a message is logged, the logging facility creates a LogRecord instance which contains all information related to the event being logged. The Python agent will automatically add a new ao attribute to the created LogRecord instance, where the added attribute is itself a dictionary containing the Trace ID as {'traceId': <traceId>}.

In addition to the extension of the LogRecord instance, the agent will also insert the TraceId into the formatted message when it is emitted by a Handler. This insertion happens automatically without the need of modifying the Formatter of the respective Handler. The Trace ID will be injected at the beginning of the actual message to be logged (i.e., the string which is returned by the getMessage function of the LogRecord instance).

Example:

When this feature is enabled, the following code

Copy
import appotics_apm
import logging

logging.basicConfig(format='%(asctime)s - %(name)s - %(levelname)s - %(message)s')
logging.warning('Warning to be logged.')

will produce a log message like: 2020-01-02 11:12:13,695 - root - WARNING - ao.traceId=7435A9FE510AE4533414D425DADF4E180D2B4E36-0 Warning to be logged.

Note that this automatic injection will only be performed if the message is passed through the formatter native to the logging module (i.e., logging.Formatter).

The trace context can also be added to structured logs generated by logging facilities which build on top of the native Python logging module, e.g. the python-json-logger library, by making use of the dictionary added to the attributes of the LogRecord instance.

Using the SDK

If your logging setup is not supported for automatic insertion, or for finer control, you can use the appoptics_apm.get_log_trace_id function which provides a convenient way to insert trace context into any kind of logs. Please refer to Log Trace ID for more information.

When the APM Integrated Experience is enabled, AppOptics shares a common navigation and settings with the other integrated experiences' products. How you navigate AppOptics and access its features may vary from these instructions. For more information, go to the APM Integrated Experience documentation.

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